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What is Medical Coding?

Written by   Updated June 25, 2024

Medical coding means giving special codes made of letters and numbers to things like sicknesses, treatments, medicines, and other stuff doctors do in hospitals. These codes help make sure everyone understands what happened and gets the right bills.

Learn more about medical billing and its importance in healthcare management.

Why is Medical Coding Important?

Medical coding is super essential in healthcare for a few big reasons:

Accurate Billing and Reimbursement:

Getting the codes right ensures that doctors and hospitals are paid the right amount for their care. This helps them stay financially stable and continue providing exemplary patient care.

Improved Patient Care: 

Better coding helps doctors and hospitals get paid faster. When they get paid faster, they can buy better tools and technology to care for patients. So, good coding means patients get better care.

Public Health Data Tracking: 

Medical codes help us collect vital health information. By looking at this coded data, healthcare experts can see how diseases spread, identify which groups are most at risk, and ensure we have enough resources to help everyone.

Research and Development: 

Important coded information helps doctors and scientists learn new things about people’s health. They can look for patterns and decide what to study next.

Types of Codes Used in Medical Coding

Medical coding uses different systems for different purposes:

  • ICD-10-CM: This system gives unique codes for diagnoses and symptoms.
  • CPT: Identifies specific medical procedures done by healthcare providers.
  • HCPCS Level II codes: These are used with CPT codes for services not covered by CPT.

Depending on your focus, you might use other systems like CDT® for dental procedures or NDC for medications. WeCare Billing LLC specializes in medical billing and can help with all these coding systems.

How is Medical Coding Done?

Medical coders have a straightforward process:

  • Reviewing Medical Records: They carefully review patient charts, doctor notes, and other records to find services, diagnoses and procedures.
  • Assigning Codes: They use their knowledge of medical terms and coding rules to select the correct codes for each documented service.
  • Verification and Validation: Coders ensure the accuracy of their codes by checking them against coding manuals and talking to healthcare providers if necessary.
  • Software Use: They use special software to make coding more accessible, giving them fast access to code definitions and helping them assign codes quickly.

Becoming a Medical Coder

A rewarding career in medical coding is within reach for those with the right skills and dedication. Here’s what you need to know:

Qualities Required for Medical Coding:

Pay Attention to Details: 

Precision is crucial, so a keen eye for detail is essential to selecting the correct codes accurately.

Think Carefully: 

You must examine medical records and decide which codes best describe each procedure.

Talk Well: 

Talking with doctors and your team is essential so everyone understands what’s happening.

Know Medical Words: 

You should know the right words for diagnoses, procedures, and medicines.

Be Good with Computers: 

You’ll use software for coding, so being good with computers is helpful.

Education Requirements for Medical Coders:

  • Certification: Getting certified by a respected organization like the American Academy of Professional Coders (AAPC) shows that you know your stuff and are serious about medical coding. WeCare Billing LLC can help you with resources and advice to get certified. You can find helpful things on our website.
  • Introduction to Medical Software: Knowing how to use medical coding software is helpful. Some employers will teach you how to use their software, but it’s good to have some basic knowledge already.

How to Become a Medical Coder:

  1. Meet the essential prerequisites: Ensure you’ve finished high school or got a GED. Check what training programs or jobs you want or need. Usually, a high school diploma or GED is enough.
  2. Complete medical coding training: Lots of programs teach medical coding. You can find them online, at vocational schools, or at community colleges. Pick one that fits how you learn and what you want to do in your career.
  3. Obtain your medical coding certification: You can get a certification in medical coding from a famous group like AAPC. This tells bosses you’ve got what they’re looking for. Certified Professional Coder (CPC) and Certified Inpatient Coder (CIC) are standard.
  4. Brush up on medical coding skills: Keep your medical coding skills sharp by taking extra classes. AAPC and other groups offer courses to help you stay updated on the newest rules and changes in the industry.
  5. Look for a job: Search for a job by checking websites that list jobs, like job boards or healthcare agencies. Look on company websites, too. Also, talk to people you know who might help you find a job. When you apply, make sure to mention your skills and certifications.

Medical Coding Salary and Job Outlook

The future looks promising for medical coders. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics says there will be a 9% increase in jobs for medical records and health information technicians (including coders) from 2022 to 2032. That’s faster than many other jobs. More accurate coding is needed in healthcare, so there’s more demand for coders.

According to the AAPC’s Salary Survey in 2023, the average annual pay for certified professional coders (CPC)® is $52,934. However, remember that earnings might vary depending on your experience, location, employer, and specialization.

About WeCare Billing LLC

WeCare Billing LLC is a top medical billing company in the USA. We focus on giving great billing and coding services to healthcare providers. We know how vital it is to code medical services accurately for smooth claims processing and to keep your practice financially healthy. Our skilled and certified coders ensure your services are coded right so you get the most money back possible.

At WeCare Billing LLC, we handle billing and coding and help people who want to become medical coders. We can help you pick the best training programs, get certified, and find a job. Check out our website for helpful resources on these topics.


A job in medical coding can be steady and satisfying for people who are good at paying close attention to details and ensuring things are accurate. If you want a great career in this constantly changing field, you must learn the basics of medical coding, get the proper training and certifications, and use helpful resources like WeCare Billing LLC.

Contact WeCare Billing LLC to start your journey to becoming a successful medical coder!

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